A Brief History of Accounting

in Finance, History , by http://garlan.org/

history-of-accountingWhen it comes to finding a job you will enjoy, you may want to choose accounting if you enjoy working with numbers. Becoming an accountant is an ideal career for any person that wishes to make money and help others with his or her business.

The History of Accounting

Accounting began as far back as the 14th century for people to keep up with the financial transactions in any business. Even debits and credits were introduced at this time for the accountant to use to help in balancing the books for a business.

In the 17th century accounting methods continued to evolve and accounting tasks were improved to make things easier for the accountant.  Additionally, the lists of stock prices begin to be entered when completing accounting tasks.

In the 18th century during the Industrial Revolution methods started to be used to help with tracking costs. This allowed the accountant to begin a tracking method that would keep up with actual costs of items and this would help in finding the exact amount of profit that was being made by the company.

In the 19th century accounting began to take off and a number of advances were made. These changes and updates were deemed more necessary than ever due to some accountants being caught for embezzling money.

In the 20th century accounting began to be included in any business to help with finding and recording accurate records for the business financial transactions. Accounting has advanced to the point where it is used for any business to understand where the money is going and if money is being made or lost.

Finally, if you are a business owner or an accountant it is perfect to use the most up-to-date accounting methods possible. By hiring accountants that are well informed and trained on the ways to conduct the accounting methods, this will be perfect to keep your finances in order for your business. The benefits of having a professional in charge of the money your business makes or loses will mean less stress for the business owner.

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A Look Back At the Aztecs: Who Were They?

in History , by Jeff Nelson

One common question asked about the Aztecs is, “Where did the Aztecs live?” The below post helps explain this as well as give some additional information on the Aztec people.

The great Aztec empire reigned across what is considered Mexico today from around 1250 AD until the 15th century. The capital of the Aztec empire was called Tenochtitlan and according to Mwengo.org, this city which was founded in 1325 sat on the land known today as Mexico City (Published in an article on facts about Mexico).

Around 1519, upon the arrival of the Spanish, it was believed that the Aztec population was around one million inhabitants with approximately 100,000 – 200,000 living in the capital city, Tenochtitlan alone. The Aztec population consisted primarily of an alliance between the seven Chichimec tribes that all spoke the official state language of Nahuatl.

The Aztec word for deity is teotl. They were believed to worship many gods. These gods were separated into three groups: celestial beings, rain and agriculture gods, and gods of war and sacrifice. The Aztecs had a very complex religious structure through which ritual sacrifices held a large part in their attempts to communicate with their gods.

In addition to having a complex religious structure, when the Spanish arrived, they found these people to have a very sophisticated social, economic and physical infrastructure. The Aztec people were stratified into three primary groups: nobles, commoners and slaves.

Male polygamy was allowed, provided each man only takes as many wives as he could afford. Each city-state had a ruler and the empire as a whole contained a king (elected by nobles) and a prime minister (religious leader). The society consisted of skilled architects and artisans.

Throughout the Aztec empire and especially in the capital city of Tenochtitlan, the Spanish found raised, paved roads, bridges, and water aqueducts to control the water flow and separate fresh from salt water. The Aztec economy was a large market system with an exchange system based on agricultural production and tribute payment.

The most notable crops of Aztec people were maize, beans, salvia, squash, tomatoes, cacao beans and avocados. As an imperialist society, Aztecs would conquer surrounding peoples, replace their leaders with an Aztec leader and then collect tribute payments. With a very highly skilled military force Aztecs conquered most of what is considered Mexico today with weapons made of stone, wood and obsidian.

Cortes and the Spanish were believed to arrive around 1519. The downfall of the Aztec empire took a few years with the arrival of foreign germs and disease. It was completed through the destruction of the Aztec hierarchy assisted by long-time enemies of the Aztecs, Tiaxcala and the Spanish conquistadors.